The four-day festival starts from Kartik Shukala Chaturthi by worshipping setting Sun and concludes on Kartik Shukla Saptami as per the lunar calendar by making offerings to rising Sun.
The revelers had made offerings to the Sun with the grains produced in their fields and home-made delicious foods on the banks of different ponds including Sarobar Gangasagar, Dhanushsagar and Argaja.
Main message of the Chhath festival is coordination, inclusion and sanctity The festival is a collective resolution made under the leadership of women for the welfare of society and family. This is the crucial aspect of the festival.
The Sun considered as the god of energy and of the life-force, was worshiped during the Chhath festival to promote well-being, prosperity and progress as per the time-honoured tradition.
The ritual of Chhath Parba includes taking holy bath, fasting, standing and worshiping the sun for a long time and offering Prasad and Argha to the ‘Rising and setting Sun”.
The Chhath festival has been observed as common cultural symbol of the Tarai.